Imisaa Ka Soo Hartay Kali-Taliyeyaashii Afrika’?


Dalalka ku yaalla qaaradda Afrika ayaa kaalin ku filan ka qaatay xukunka kalitalisnimada ee ka jiray caalamka, hase ahaatee sannadihii dambe waxaa muuqatay in arrintaas ay wax badan iska baddalayeen, sida lagu qeexay warbixintan oo aan kasoo xigannay bogga Citizen Digital ee uu leeyahay telefishinka Citizen ee dalka Kenya.

Wax hadda loogu yeero “kacdoonkii Afrika” ayaa horseeday in dadka ku nool qaaradda ay si tartiib tartiib ah ugu baraarugaan sidii looga takhalusi lahaa xukunka kalitaliska ah.

Waxay arrintan markii ugu horreysay billaabatay bishii Janaayo ee sannadkii 2012-kii, markii markii kacdoon xukunka looga tuuray madaxweynihii hore ee Senegal Abdoulaye Wade ka dib markii uu 12 sano awoodda heystay.

Wade, oo hadda 93 jir ah ayaa madaxweyne ahaa tan iyo sannadkii 2000.

Maamulkiisa waxaa loo jeediyay eedeymo farobadan oo uga yimid mucaaradka, kuwaasoo ku dhaliilay inuu ku xadgudbay shuruucda musharraxnimada doorashada.

Ka dib waxaa ku xigay madaxweynihii hore ee dalka Burkina Faso Blaise Compaore oo isagoo xilka hayay 27 sano maamulkiisa lasoo afjaray sannadkii 2014-kii, xilligaasoo mudaharaadyo rabshado wata ay gilgilayeen guud ahaan waddanka.

Xoogaa ka dib, hoggaamiyihii ugu waqtiga dheeraa Afrika, oo muran badan uu hareeyay, Robert Mugabe ayaa xukunkiisa lasoo afjaray 21-kii bishiiNofembar ee sannadkii 2017-kii.


Mugabe waxaa talada waddanka Zimbabwe kala wareegay hoggaanka milatariga.

Xilli aad u dhawaa oo ahaa 2-dii bishan Abriil, 2019-ka, ayuu iscasilay madaxweynihii xanuunsanaa ee dalka Aljeeriya Cabdicasiis Butafliiqa.


Waxaa salfaday mudaharaadyo nabadeed oo guud ahaan dalkaas ka socday muddo 6 isbuuc ah, waxaana waday dad dhalinyaro ah oo dalbanayay in lasoo afjaro xukunkiisa jiray 20-ka sano.

Ka dib maanta oo khamiis ah, oo taariikhdu ay ku began tahay 11-ka bisha Abriil, 2019-ka, waxaa xilka laga xayuubiyay madaxweynihii xukunka dheeraa ee dalka Suudaan, Cumar Xasan Albashiir, ka dib markii ay heerkii ugu xumaa gaareen mudaharaadyo ay shacabka uga soo horjeedeen maamulkiisa.

Wasiirka gaashaandhigga Suudaan, Ahna madaxweyne ku xigeenka, Cawad Ibnu Cawf ayaa ku dhawaaqay in Al-Bashiir xukunka laga wareejiyay uuna ku jiro xabsi guri.

Xil ka qaadista Bashiir ayaa tirada hoggaamiyeyaasha Afrika ee sida khasabka kursiga looga dajiyay ka dhigeysa 5 madaxweyne.

Waa kuwan madaxweyneyaasha soo haray, oo haddii arrintan ay sii socota laga yaabo inay wadnaha farta ku hayaan.

Madaxweynaha Cameroon Paul Biya

Biya oo 86 jir ah waxaa loo aqoonsan yahay hoggaamiyaha Afrikaanka ah ee ugu muddada dheer, isagoo xilka madaxtinnimada Cameroon hayay tan iyo 6-dii bishii Nofembar ee sannadkii 1982-kii.

Madaxweynaha Cameroon Paul Biya

Wuxuu awood yeeshay intii uu jiray maamulkii madaxweynihii hore ee dalkaas Ahmadou Ahidjo, xilligaas oo uu ahaa xog hayaha guud ee madaxtooyada, laga soo billaabo 1968-kii ilaa 1975-kii.

Kadibna wuxuu noqday ra’iisul wasaaraha Cameroon intii u dhaxeysay sannadihii 1975-kii ilaa 1982-kii.

Wuxuu xilka kala wareegay Ahidjo ka dib markii uu iscasilaad lama filaan ah qoray sannadkii 1982-kii.

Madaxweynaha Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo

Obiang wuxuu afgambi milatari ku riday adeerkiis, Francisco Macías Nguema, bishii Agoosto ee sannadkii 1979-kii, tan iyo xilligaasna wuxuu xukumayay dalka Equatorial Guinea.Madaxweynaha Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo

 

Xukunkiisa waxaa markii hore loo tixgaliyay inuu dhanka bani’aadanimada ku dhaamo xukunkii adeerkiis, balse markii dambe waxaa soo kordhayay dhaleeceyn loogu jeedinayay inuu arxan daran yahay.

Madaxweynaha Congo-Brazzaville Denis Sassou Nguesso

Madaxweyne Nguesso wuxuu xafiiska ku sugnaa muddo 34 sano ah, isagoo markii ugu horreysay xilka hayay intii u dhaxeysay sannadihii 1979-kii ilaa 1992-kii, ka hor inta uusan xilka ku noqonin sannadkii 1997-kii, ka dib markii uu dhammaaday dagaalkii sokeeye.

Madaxweynaha Congo-Brazzaville Denis Sassou Nguesso

Waxaa markii dambe dib loo doortay bishii Maarso ee sannadkii 2016-kii.

Madaxweynaha Uganda Yoweri Museveni

Museveni wuxuu ka qeyb qaatay kacdoonkii fallaagada ee xukunka looga tuuray hoggaamiyeyaashii hore ee Uganda Idi Amin oo xukunka hayay intii u dhaxeysay 1971-kii ilaa 1979-kii iyo Milton Obote oo xlka hayay intii u dhaxeysay 1980-kii ilaa 1985-kii

Madaxweynaha Uganda Yoweri Museveni

Wuxuu Museveni xilka la wareegay sannadkii 1986-kii.

Maamulkiisu wuxuu sannadihii lasoo dhaafay culeys badan kala kulmayay fannaanka siyaasiga isku baddalay ee lagu magacaabo Bobi Wine, kaasoo sheegay inuu Museveni loollan ku galin doono doorashada madaxtinnimada ee sannadka 2021-ka.

Madaxweynaha Chad Idriss Deby

Madaxweyne Deby wuxuu xukunka la wareegay sannadkii 1990-kii.

Madaxweynaha Chad Idriss Deby

Wuxuu xafiiska madaxtooyada joogaa ilaa maanta, isagoo markii shanaad si uu muran ku jiro ugu guuleystay doorashadii madaxtinnimo ee dhacday bishii Abriil ee sannadkii 2016-kii.

Deby wuxuu xilka madaxweynaha hayaa ku dhawaad 29 sano oo xiriir ah.

Madaxweynaha Eretariya Isaias Afwerki

Afwerki waa madaxweynihii ugu horreeyay ee uu yeesho dalka Eretariya, kursigaasna wuxuu ku fadhiyay tan iyo markii uu waddankaas xornimada qaatay sannadkii 1993-kii. Ilaa maanta wuxuu talada hayaa muddo 26 sano ah.

Madaxweynaha Eretariya Isaias Afwerki

Madaxweyne Afwerki wuxuu sannadkii lasoo dhaafay heshiis la ga;ay Itoobiya oo muddo dheer ay colaad kala dhaxeysay.

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